Surgical Topics...

Information on soft tissue, neuro and orthopedic surgery.
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The contents of this site are for personal, non-commercial, educational and informational purposes only. Information found in these pages and links is in no way intended to be a substitute for professional veterinary advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This information does not constitute a recommendation or endorsement with respect to any company, product, treatment or procedure. The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Dr. Phil Zeltzman makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information.
"Surgical topics" have been divided into 4 tables (not alphabetically): soft tissue, neuro-surgery, orthopedic surgery, and miscellaneous.
There are 2 ways to locate a condition or topic:
- Look in the appropriate table under the type of surgery (e. g. "bladder stones", "fracture repair" etc.).
- Or use the "find" key (ctrl F) and type the condition you are searching (e. g. "TPLO").

PLEASE NOTE: Even though these links are from reliable sources, your surgeon may or may not agree with everything written.
WARNING: Some of the links contain some fairly graphic pictures!!!


Fracture repair

General information, Leg fracture, broken bone


External fixator

Hit by a car (HBC)

Shoulder surgery

Shoulder OCD

Elbow surgery

Elbow dysplasia (UAP, FCP, OCD)

   Incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle in Spaniels*.pdf

Hip surgery

Hip dysplasia (1)


Hip dysplasia (2)


Juvenile Pubic Symphysiodesis (JPS)

   Triple Pelvic Osteotomy (TPO)

Femoral Head Ostectomy (FHO)


Total Hip Replacement (THR)


Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease(aseptic or avascular necrosis of the femoral head)


Hip dislocation = hip luxation

Knee surgery

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tear


Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy (TPLO) (the best explanation anywhere!)


Patellar luxation (MPL, LPL), kneecap dislocation


Arthritis (Degenerative Joint Disease, DJD)


   Arthritis by Dr Zeltzman

   Immune-Mediated Poly-Arthritis (just for you Mandy :-) in Akitas etc.


   J/D diet

Physical therapy (PT)


Physical Therapy for Arthritic Patients

  Stem cell therapy


How to massage your pet?


Jaw fractures
Mandible fracture
Mandibular fracture

Jaw removal: Maxillectomy, Mandibulectomy


Craniomandibular Osteopathy


Masticatory Myositis


Leg amputation

Limb sparing surgery




Radial nerve paralysis



Joint tap (Arthrocentesis)

Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy (HOD)


Achilles tendon rupture
   Digital tendon rupture
   Infraspinatus muscle contracture



Is Anesthesia Safe?

Around surgery...

Overview of lab tests


Blood work explained (CBC & chemistry)




Blood transfusions
   Bite Not collars
   Inflatable collar
   “Comfy Cone”
    "Donut" foam collar - "Soft E Collar"

Overweight and obesity

Overweight and obese pets

   Weight management information
   Association for Pet Obesity Prevention
   BARC - Body Assessment Rating for Canines
   BCS - Body Condition Score



Cancer surgery

About cancer


General info on cancer

   Morris Animal Foundation



Radiation Therapy

   Anal sac tumor

Bone tumors (osteosarcoma)

   Limb sparing, limb spare
   Lung tumor

Cancer and nutrition


Cancer and pain


Tumor by tumor, from anus to vagina



When to say goodbye?


Squamous Cell Carcinoma


Mast cell tumor

   Pet cancer and second-hand smoke

Minimally-invasive surgery

Laparoscopic surgery


Thoracoscopic surgery


Arthroscopic surgery
Pain Management General info on pain


Rimadyl information


Deramaxx information


EtoGesic information


Metacam information


Fentanyl pain patch (Duragesic)

   International Veterinary Academy of Pain Management

Info on pain on AAHA site


NSAIDs info

   Pain in dogs
   Pain in cats
      Postop pain

Video: Giving your cat a pill or capsule



Video: Giving your cat liquid medications


Lyme disease The condition

   How to remove a tick
   Lyme Disease Foundation
        Great info on Lyme disease
Heat stroke As mentionned in the newsletter



Abdominal surgery

Liver mass
Liver tumor

Spleen removal
Spleen tumor
Splenic masses
Splenic tumors
Spleen torsion
Splenic torsion

Hemangiosarcoma (HSA)

Adrenal gland removal (Adrenalectomy)

Porto-systemic shunt (PSS), Liver shunt

- Hepatic microvascular dysplasia
. Portal atresia

- Gallbladder surgery
Extrahepatic Biliary Tract Obstruction
- Gallbladder mucocele

Female reproductive surgery

Spay, ovariohysterectomy

Early spay and neuter controversy - the accusation

Early spay and neuter controversy - the rebuttal


Pyometra by Dr Zeltzman

Mammary tumors (breast cancer)

Vulvar fold dermatitis, redundant vulvar fold (vulvoplasty, episioplasty)

Vaginal prolapse

Cesarean Section (C-section)

Male reproductive surgery

Neuter (castration)

Cryptorchidism in Dogs

Cryptorchidism in Cats

Neuticles (testicular implants)


Urinary surgery

Ectopic ureter

Urinary incontinence (Medical and surgical treatment)

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Kidney transplants in cats

Kidney tumors (nephrectomy)

Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC)

Urethra surgery, urinary blockage, blocked urethra - dog

Urinary blockage in cats, Perineal urethrostomy (P/U, PU)

Urethral prolapse

Bladder stones (Nice pictures !!!)

Uric Acid Stones in Dalmatians

Canine Struvite Stones

Oxalate bladder stones in dogs

Oxalate bladder stones in cats

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)

Feline Idiopathic Cystitis (FIC)

Perirenal Pseudocysts

Kidney Dialysis or "Continuous renal replacement therapy" centers for acute renal failure

. Advanced Critical Care. Tustin, CA. (949) 654-8950
. CA Animal Referral. Santa Barbara, CA (805) 899-2273
. Center for Specialized Vet Care. Westbury, NY. (516) 420-0000
. Chicago Vet Kidney Center. Buffalo Grove, IL. (847) 459-7535
. City of Angels Vet Specialty Center. Culver City, CA. (310) 6100
. Louisiana State University. Baton Rouge, LA. (225) 578-9600
. Vet Specialists of South Florida. Cooper City, FL. (945) 432-5611

Kidney failure

Acute kidney failure

Chronic kidney failure

GI surgery


GI foreign body


Megacolon (Colectomy)

Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV), "bloat", "torsion"

Perianal Fistulas (PAF)

Anal sac surgery

Anal sac adenocarcinoma

Stomach surgery

Thoracic surgery

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)

Patent Right Aortic Arch (PRAA)

Lung lobe tumor
Lung tumor

"Keyhole" lung biopsy

Esophagus surgery




Pericardial disease or effusion, pericardectomy

Head and neck surgery

Thyroidectomy - dog
Thyroid tumor

Thyroid gland surgery - cat - thyroidectomy
Thyroid tumor

Feline hyperthyroidism: Iodine 131 radiotherapy

Hyperthyroidism in cats


Enucleation (Eyeball removal)

Tonsillectomy (Tonsils)

Salivary glands, sialocele, salivary mucocele


Coupage - a video

The "Bailey chair"

Rhinotomy (@ the bottom)

Upper airway surgery

Brachycephalic Syndrome

Stenotic nares

Everted laryngeal saccules

Elongated soft palate

Laryngeal paralysis ("Tie back") ("Lar Par")

Yahoo group for dogs with laryngeal paralysis

Aspiration pneumonia

Coupage - a video

Collapsing trachea, tracheal collase

Cleft Palate

Ear surgery

"Ear polyps" in cats
Nasopharyngeal polyps

Otitis externa

Lateral Ear Canal Resection ("Zepp")

Vertical Ear Canal Ablation

Total Ear Canal Ablation (TECA)

Bulla osteotomy

Horner's Syndrome

Ear hematoma

Vestibular disease


Umbilical hernia

Perineal Hernia

Diaphragmatic hernia

Skin surgery

Lipoma (fatty tumor)

Feline "vaccine associated" fibrosarcoma (FSA)

Perianal adenoma



Cat abscess from bite wound

Dermoid sinus


Cat declaw


Fine-Needle Aspirate (FNA)

Tail amputation

I really couldn't find anything scientific, so this is someone's blog. I don't agree with some things, but it is a pet owner's version of the story - with a picture.

Screw tail, corkscrew tail, ingrown tail



Intervertebral Disk Disease (IVDD), slipped disc

What to do when paralysis strikes?

"Slipped disc" in the back

Wobbler syndrome (Cervical Vertebral Instability)

Von Willebrand's Disease

Atlantoaxial subluxation

Lumbosacral syndrome (Cauda equina)

Hydrocephalus ("water on the brain")

Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)

General information - considered controversial by some neurologists

Info on the disease and the test

Comparison to Lou Gehrig's disease

Comparison to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Chiari-like malformation in Cavalier King Charles

A good summary (click on Syringomyelia)

Thorough reviews

A thorough review by a British neurologist

NOT FOR THE FAINT OF HEART!!! A video about pure breeds, including a video of CKCs with syringomyelia

Exercise-Induced Collapse

A video on EIC

Minnesota Vet Diagnostic Laboratory

An article on EIC


Myelogram, CAT scan and MRI

MRI center in Easton, PA

MRI center in Ambler, PA

X-rays, radiographs, radiology



6 web sites with canine carts

Protect-a-pet for paralyzed pets

Booties, beds, CART RENTAL, steps...

Walkabout Harness

Splints etc

Bottoms Up Leash


Slings for weakness/paralysis of back legs

Wound protection, hygroma

Bandage protection, Medipaw

Garment/body suit for wounds

Booties (foot protection), booties and splint for carpus/ tarsus support


Info on crate training, housebreaking, agility and Brittany Spaniels

Brain and spinal tumors

Meningioma (brain tumor)

Fibro-cartilagenous embolus (FCE)

Myasthenia gravis

Positive Tensilon text

Granulomatous Meningoencephalitis (GME)

Spondylosis deformans

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